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From Listening to Reading

Julie (2) (850x1280)

Singtao Daily (2018-10-16) By :Catherine Chan 走路看似是自然不過的事,但對於初學走路的幼兒是一件大事。他們每步都是勇氣,每步充滿挑戰。同樣,apple、boy、cat這些看似容易的字,對未識讀字的幼兒來說,每次的閱讀嘗試和經驗都是勇氣和挑戰。 每名幼兒的語感都不一樣,有些孩子對文字較敏感,很快便掌握得到,有朋友的孩子才兩歲,已可掌握基本的字母拼音。相反,有些孩子語感不強,無論我們如何重複教導,他們就是讀不出、串不到。  我們該怎樣幫助孩子閱讀呢?每年「書伴我行」都會邀請擁有近五十年經驗的閱讀專家Julie Fowlkes從美國來港,早前我參加了她的其中一課──Transitional Readers: Ways to Guide, Support and Build Beginning Readers。我希望了解「由聽到讀」是怎樣「發生」,以及作為父母,該怎樣協助孩子閱讀? Julie說我們首先要明白「由唔識讀到識讀」的過程,對孩子來說是充滿挑戰,「就算我們常聽到孩子的腦袋在幼兒時是超級的、發展迅速的,但『識字讀書』對他們來說,其實一點也不簡單,它在腦袋裏要經過非常複雜的過程,所以我們要給孩子多點耐性和體諒。」 Julie說我們要做孩子的教練,老師與教練最大的區別是,老師與學生比例可以是一對十、一對一百甚至一千;教練與學生的比例則小得多。換句話說,我們要觀察孩子,訂立一個適合他性格和程度的閱讀訓練,最重要的是把閱讀變得有趣好玩,令孩子對閱讀充滿自信,愛上閱讀。 Julie提供四大循序漸進的貼士(從幼兒至小學階段): 一、Sight Words:原理有點像學中文,死記常用字,如am、was、has、for、like、you等。早在上世紀四十年代,兩位學者整理了最常用的一百字和二百字等「清單」。 二、Vocabulary:學習生字的方法有很多種,建議先讓孩子多聽,產生印象後才再逐一向他們介紹聽熟聽慣的字。意味毋須急於要孩子認字和串字,學習生字以「先聽後學」為原則。  三、Fluency:給孩子簡單易讀、適合程度的書,讓他們不斷重讀,目的是先增強他們閱讀自信。謹記原則是以Horizontal而非Vertical的方式做訓練,即是在同一個程度上不斷增加數量,向「橫」發展,達到一定的量後才向「直」上。 四、Comprehension:通過提問,幫助孩子理解,如鼓勵他們猜劇情、鼓勵孩子用自己的語言說出故事、問他們一些思考問題等。孩子通過這些活動訓練理解能力,爸媽藉此了解他們的能力。(本文錄自《親子王》周刊) Only available in Traditional Chinese

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Music + Story = Interactive Literacy = Eric Litwin!

Smart Parents_433

Smart Parents (2018-08-23) By :陳東紅 Catherine Chan Eric Litwin has a unique storytelling method: playing guitar and harmonica and “singing out” stories. As a former teacher, Eric noticed that while kindergarten students were excited about stories, once they were in primary school, they started to lose interest in reading. He thinks that learning through “drilling” […]

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The Standard Goodies: The great outdoors

on a magical do nothing day

11th June 2018 IT is another wet, boring day and the mother tells her child off for playing computer games all day. The child skulks off into the woods…

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The Standard Goodies: The hidden ships

Dazzle Ship

28th May 2018 DESPERATE to protect ships from German torpedoes, British commander Norman Wilkinson propose what became known as a dazzle. These stunning patterns were meant to confuse the enemy about a ship’s speed and direction…

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The Standard Goodies: Don’t worry, be happy

Wemberly Worried

21st May 2018 THE young mouse Wemberly worries constantly despite her family telling her not to. Her biggest worry is her first day of school. When she arrives…

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The Standard Goodies: Healing music


14th May 2018 WHEN a young boy begins to play on his family’s piano, just plunking the keys, his father signs him up for lessons. Raj learns notes then songs and finally classical pieces. But…

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The Standard Goodies: Honesty is the best policy

The empty pot

7th May 2018 PING is the subject of a Chinese emperor who is exceptionally gifted at growing things. When it is time for the old king to choose his successor, he tests the children…

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The Standard Goodies: Trusting others to work together

Stone Soup

25th Apr 2018 STONE Soup, set in rural China, follows three monks who take a journey into the mountains to try to understand what makes one happy. They pass through a war-torn village…

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The Standard Goodies: Fortune favours the brave


30th Apr 2018 From the award-winning creators of What Do You Do With An Idea? This story is about a child who is unsure what to make of a chance encounter. After not taking some initial chances, the child sees that…

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